The methodology section of a research paper answers two main questions:
What are Examiners Looking for in a Thesis? You should write the methodology of your study as though it were a writing research design and methodology which can be followed closely by individuals who read what you have written. In short, Chapter 1 describes why the research question is being asked and Chapter 3 describes how the research question is answered.
Others argue that research design refers to the choice of specific methods of data collection and analysis. In your dissertation you can define research design as a general plan about what you will do to answer the research question. . done to answer the research question, describe how it was done, justify the experimental design, and explain how the results were analyzed. Scientific writing is direct and orderly. The research design should establish a strong sequence of the events in a research process. The size of this section depends on the number of experiments performed and results expected. So, the detailed explanation of each method and point should be documented.
Note that there are several ways of writing Chapter 3 and the following is a suggestion on the sub-sections to include. Here, Chapter 3 for qualitative research has been divided into 8 sub-sections.
Please check with the requirements specified by your respective institution. In the first part, you restate the 'problem statement', the 'purpose of the study' the 'research questions' unless your study is based on the grounded theory method and the theoretical framework.
Again you may ask, why should I keep on 'retelling' about the purpose, problem statement, research questions and theoretical framework of the study!
You would assume that the reader should know what the study is all about. Hence, it would be appreciated by future readers if you told them briefly the problem statement, purpose, research questions and the underlying theory of your study so that they understand this chapter.
In the second part of the 'Preamble', you tell the reader the sub-sections in Chapter 3 and how you will address each sub-section. Think of this part as the 'warm up' for the full discussion of your data collection strategy.
Excerpt of the 'Preamble' sub-section: The main objective of this study was to assess the impact of performance-related pay on motivation of employees. Pay increases or the lack of for employees can have an effect on employee's and the productivity of their work.
If the employee feels they are not compensated for their work, they may tend to decrease in being productive in their work Specifically the study sought to answer how might leaders's decision-making styles effect employee performance and how leader's decision-making styles are informed by emotions or feelings This chapter is divided into several section addressing the choice of research design, selection of informants, data collection procedures, pilot-testing, instrumentation and data analysis".
Some argue that in qualitative research, the 'Research Design' sub-section is not essential. However, having this sub-section enables you to tell the reader from the on-set whether your study used an ethnographic, case study, phenomenological, narrative analysis, historical inquiry, grounded theory or the generic qualitative method that does not subscribe to any specific qualitative philosophy.
For example, why did you choose the case study method or the grounded theory method or the narrative inquiry method. Show how the method you had chosen helped accomplish the goals of the study. Focus only on what you employed and implemented in your study. Discuss in detail the steps you took when using a particular design.
For example, if you study used the ethnographic design or method, write as though it were like an 'operators's manual' that you might share with others so they can be assured that someone can replicated your design.
Description of your research design needs to have enough detail to eliminate assumptions of the need to ask questions by someone who want to adopt or adapt your research design.
Cite from textbooks and articles on qualitative methods by the greats such as Guba, Lincoln, Creswell, Merriam, Patton, Charmaz and others.
However, do not take chunks from these authors but focus on what you need in telling readers about the particular design or method you used or had adapted accordingly. The strength of the case study method is because it allows for the examination of the phenomenon in depth using various kinds of evidence obtained from interviews with those involved, direct observation of events and analysis of documents and artifacts Yin, Also, the case study was used because the focus of the study is more to describe and explain rather than prediction, and the variable variable studied is note easily unidentifiable or embedded in the phenomenon to be extracted for study Merriam, In addition, the case study allows for empirical inquiry of phenomenon within its real-life context, especially when the boundaries between phenomenon and context are not clearly evident Yin, Discuss where the Interview with your subjects or informants took place.
How did you arrange the setting to ensure the level of quiet, intimacy and privacy. Excerpt of the 'Data Collection Techniques' sub-section: Secondary data sources included documents provided by participants that pertain to the study Interviews were conducted based on questions listed in Interview Guide see Appendix C.
However, participants were allowed the freedom to talk about their experiences in a way in which they were comfortable The issue of sampling can be quite confusing in qualitative research. Students often ask "how many subjects or informants" do I need for my study. Oftentimes, it is a difficult question to answer.
Students should avoid applying the sampling principles of quantitative research.
The key consideration in sampling in qualitative research is "saturation" and not representativeness and the size of the sample is not statistically determined Neuman, Tell the reader how you chose the informants for your study - Usually, 'purposive sampling' is used because the informants are available, convenient and most importantly represent characteristics you want to study Silverman, PART I WHAT IS RESEARCH DESIGN?
1 THE CONTEXT OF DESIGN Before examining types of research designs it is important to be clear about the role and purpose of research design. done to answer the research question, describe how it was done, justify the experimental design, and explain how the results were analyzed.
Scientific writing is direct and orderly. The DESIGN & METHOD section of the report is where you explain to your reader how you went about carrying out your research. You should describe the subjects, the instruments used, the conditions under which the tests were given, how the tests were scored, how the results were analyzed, etc.
Writing Methodology at the Core of the Research Paper A well laid out and logical methodology section will provide a solid backbone for the entire research paper, and will lead to a strong results section.
The most common contents of methodology are research design, philosophical approach, data collection methods, research limitations, ethical considerations, and data analysis methods. For those who are submitting their dissertation as a single paper, then their methodology should also touch on any modifications that they had to make as their.
For this aspect that characterizes a good research methodology, indicate how the research approach fits with the general study, considering the literature review outline and format, and the following sections.