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Study guide For a printer-friendly PDF version of this guide, click here This Study Guide explains why literature reviews are needed, and how they can be conducted and reported. Related Study Guides are: Referencing and bibliographiesAvoiding plagiarismWriting a dissertationWhat is critical reading?
What is critical writing? The focus of the Study Guide is the literature review within a dissertation or a thesis, but many of the ideas are transferable to other kinds of writing, such as an extended essay, or a report.
What is a literature review?
The ability to review, and to report on relevant literature is a key academic skill. To some extent, particularly with postgraduate research, the literature review can become a project in itself.
It is an important showcase of your talents of: The process of conducting and reporting your literature review can help you clarify your own thoughts about your study.
It can also establish a framework within which to present and analyse the findings. After reading your literature review, it should be clear to the reader that you have up-to-date awareness of the relevant work of others, and that the research question you are asking is relevant.
Be wary of saying that your research will solve a problem, or that it will change practice. Why do I need a literature review? When readers come to your assignment, dissertation, or thesis, they will not just assume that your research or analysis is a good idea; they will want to be persuaded that it is relevant and that it was worth doing.
They will ask questions such as: What research question s are you asking? Has anyone else done anything similar?
What is already known or understood about this topic? How might your research add to this understanding, or challenge existing theories and beliefs?
These are questions that you will already probably be asking yourself. You will also need to be ready to answer them in a viva if you will be having one.
A critical review It is important that your literature review is more than just a list of references with a short description of each one.
What is critical reading? This very short statement contains some key concepts, which are examined in the table below. The term now encompasses a wide range of web-based sources, in addition to the more traditional books and print journals.
Increased ease of access to a wider range of published material has also increased the need for careful and clear critique of sources. You need to demonstrate to your reader that you are examining your sources with a critical approach, and not just believing them automatically.
Interpretation You need to be actively involved in interpreting the literature that you are reviewing, and in explaining that interpretation to the reader, rather than just listing what others have written. Your interpretation of each piece of evidence is just that: Your interpretation may be self-evident to you, but it may not be to everyone else.
You need to critique your own interpretation of material, and to present your rationale, so that your reader can follow your thinking. Creating a synthesis is, in effect, like building interpretation upon interpretation.
It is essential to check that you have constructed your synthesis well, and with sufficient supporting evidence.Article Writing & Research Writing Projects for $30 - $ Hello. I am looking for someone having expert hands in Research Writing projects.
Person quoting for this project should have knowledge of all sorts of writing formats and also should have access to. Ask An Expert Contributed by Patricia A. Martin, PhD, RN Patricia A. Martin, PhD, RN, is Director for Nursing Research at Wright State University-Miami Valley College of Nursing and Health, Dayton, OH [e-mail: pmartin @ webkandii.com] Writing a Useful Literature Review for a Quantitative Research Project W RITING THE REVIEW of literature is a .
GUIDE TO WRITING YOUR RESEARCH PAPER Ashley Leeds Rice University your research project. The literature review should be focused on issues directly relevant to your study and Writing for Social Scientists (U of Chicago Press, ) describes a literature review as follows.
Guidelines for writing a literature review. by Helen Mongan-Rallis.
Last In your final project your literature review should demonstrate your command of your field of study and/or establishing context for a study that you have done. Plan to suggest specific directions for future research near the end of the review; Flesh out your. A literature review surveys books, scholarly articles, and any other sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, provides a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works in relation to the research problem being investigated.
Literature. Look for other literature reviews in your area of interest or in the discipline and read them to get a sense of the types of themes you might want to look for in your own research or ways to organize your final review.