Unit- II Learning — meaning and definition — principles - theories — perception — process - factors influencing perception. Unit — III Attitude — nature — functions - formation - changing attitude - personality nature — types — theories. Unit- IV Motivation — nature — theories, job satisfaction - causes - measuring of job satisfaction. Unit — V Group dynamics — nature - process of group formation - types - leadership importance — styles — theories.
The Xequiv algorithm determines when two XML schemas are equivalent based on their structural organization. It calculates the percentages of schema inclusion in another schema by considering the cardinality of each leaf node and its interconnection to other leaf nodes that are part of a sequence or choice structure.
Xequiv is based on the Reduction Algorithm that focuses on the leaf nodes and eliminates intermediate levels in the XML tree. Steve Barker and Paul Douglas Abstract: In this paper, we demonstrate how role-based access control policies may be used for secure forms of knowledge module exchange in an open, distributed environment.
For that, we define an algebra that a security administrator may use for defining compositions and decompositions of shared information sources, and we describe a markup language for facilitating secure information exchange amongst heterogeneous information systems.
We also describe an implementation of our approach and we give some performance measures, which offer evidence of the feasibility of our proposal.
Alternative valid software design solutions can give response to the same software product requirements. In addition, a great part of the success of a software project depends on the selected software design.
However, there are few methods to quantify how much value will be added by each design strategy, and hence very little time is spent choosing the best design option. This paper presents a new approach to estimate and quantify how profitable is to improve a design solution.
This will be achieved by estimating the maintenance cost of a software project using two main variables: The probability of change of each design artifact, and the cost associated to each change.
Two techniques are proposed in this paper to support this approach: Large global companies are increasing looking towards information systems to standardise business processes and enhance decision making across their operations in different countries In particular these companies are implementing enterprise resource planning systems to provide this standardisation.
This paper is a review of literature which focusses on the use of ERP systems to support global operations. There are many technological and cultural challenges facing these implementations. However a major challenge faced by companies is the balance between centralisation and localisation.
Raija Halonen and Veikko Halonen Abstract: This paper explores the incentives and obstacles that rise when implementing interoperability in organisations.
In the focus we have an inter-organisational information system especially in a context with the information system having interfaces with several information systems managed by different organisations. Information systems are implemented because they bring along several benefits: In this respect, inter-organisational information systems differ from other information systems.
Inter-organisational information systems often are linked with information systems that are aimed to support functionalities in the partnering organisations and that are implemented earlier, even several years earlier in the organisations.
We limit this paper to consider only inter-organisational information systems that are implemented to support pre-defined joint functionalities. Webservice-based architectures are facing new challegenges in terms of convergence of systems.
Digital libraries are understood in their key position as searching, structuring, and archiving instances of digital media and they actively provide services in this sense. The goal of this article is to introduce services suitable for everyday use for coupling different system classes.
Conceptually, the requirements of a possible standard in the area of convergence of knowledge management, digital libraries, and learning management systems are discussed.Part A. What theories of motivation underlie the switch to the new, computerized scheduling system at Montego Bay?
Why are employees working harder? What theories of motivation underlie the switch to the new, computerized scheduling system at Mont ego Bay?
Mont ego Bay and The Cub Scout Pack Case Studies Read both Leadership Development Cases for Analysis (Mont ego Bay, p. , and Cub Scout Pack 81, p. ) at the end of Chapter 8. Oct 19, · Because this theory of organizational readiness for change is pitched at the organizational level of analysis, a test of the theory's predictions would require a multi-organization research design in which a set of organizations implements a common, or at least comparable, complex organizational change.
The British Association for Psychopharmacology guidelines specify the scope and targets of treatment for bipolar disorder. The third version is based explicitly on the available evidence and presented, like previous Clinical Practice Guidelines, as recommendations to aid clinical decision making for practitioners: it may also serve as a source of information for patients and carers, and assist.
What theories of motivation underlie the switch to the new, computerized scheduling system at Montego Bay? What theories of motivation underlie the switch to the new, computerized scheduling system at Montego Bay? Why are employees working harder? We examined this process before and after the adoption of a Computerized Prescriber Order Entry (CPOE) system in an inpatient unit of This paper presents an ethnographic study investigating how nurses assemble information to start their shift's work.