This years luncheon was sponsored by U. Bank, Target, Medtronic and 3M.
After ten years of teaching, publishing articles, and speaking at conferences, she decided to write a book. Through her research and educational background she attempts to respond to these questions and others that creates useful clarity in the daily discourse about race.
Part 1 Defining Racism Racism cannot be defined by prejudice alone. Prejudice is a preconceived judgement or opinion, usually based on limited information and is one of the inescapable consequences of living in a racist society. Racism is a system of advantage based on race.
It is a system involving cultural messages and institutional policies and practices as well as the beliefs and actions of individuals. When racial prejudice is combined with social power- access to social, cultural, and economic resources and decision-making — leads to the institutionalization of racist policies and practices.
This creates uncomfortable feelings for those who have internalized the myth that racism is a particular form of prejudice. Tatum explains that for most whites, the idea of white privilege has never entered their mind.
They have never considered the benefits of being white. She makes an analogy of the work sexist, reserving it only for men. Although women can and do have gender-based biases.
The Complexity of identity Dr. Tatum discusses that usually when we think of our identity, the parts that capture our attention are those that other people notice, the aspects that set us apart. Women usually mention being female, Jewish people often say the are Jews. Where a person is a member of a dominant or advantaged social group, the category is usually not mentioned.
Dominant groups hold the power. Subordinate groups are usually labeled as defective or substandard in some way. Dominant groups supply roles to subordinate groups. The interesting point here is that dominants do not really know what the experience of the subordinates is. In contrast, the subordinates usually are very well informed about the dominants.
This is because the dominant worldview has saturated the culture for all to learn. Tatum mentions and discusses over and over the guilt that arises amongst people of the dominant group, once they become aware of how their group is experienced.
It is her hope that through awareness we can build alliances that will free us all. Part 2 Understanding Blackness in a White context The Early years Starting in Pre-school, children start to notice differences, her point in this chapter is to learn how to respond responsibly to children at a young age.
For many others, they think discussing race is taboo. She displays many scenarios in this chapter about how to respond to children when they inquire about color differences.
Whether it is racist, sexist or classist, learning to spot these things as children is an important skill to develop. Identity Development The search for personal identity intensifies in adolescence and can involve several dimensions: Why do all the Black students in the cafeteria?
First two stages most relevant to adolescents: Black child absorbs many of the beliefs and values of the dominant culture, including the idea that it is better to be white. Encounter stage is usually precipitated by an event or series of events that have a personal impact of racism on the child.Analysis of Why are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria by Beverly Daniel Tatum 'Why are all the black kids sitting together in the cafeteria'; by Beverly Daniel Tatum Ph.D.
is a book of many subjects, theories, ideas, as well as opinions that are discussed, challenged and criticized. Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. Beverly Daniel Tatum’s book, “Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria?” provides insight into not only the question posed in the title, but also into the importance of creating dialogue about race.
Critique of Beverly Daniel Tatum’s Why Are All The Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria ( words, 6 pages) AbstractThis paper is a critique of Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria by Beverly Daniel Tatum, Ph. D.
quoted in Beverly Tatum, Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting together in the Cafeteria? p.
) In her book Black and White Identity Development: Theory, Research and Practice (Westport, CT: Greenwood, ) Janet Helms proposes the following theory of identity development for white people. There is no discussion of why are all the white kids sitting together in the cafeteria.
White spaces are spheres of influence where social and economic privilege and the power of whiteness intersect. Historically, they developed as the norm and natural outcome of profound social beliefs in biological, cultural and intellectual white superiority.